Harteman Wildfowl, presented by Jan Harteman

Puna teal

Spatula puna (Anas puna)

Punataling / Punaente / Sarcelle de la Puña

 

Spatula puna (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) was previously placed in the genus Anas.

 

The Puna teal is a species of dabbling duck. It was previously regarded as a subspecies of the silver teal. The Puna teal is resident in the Andes of Peru, western Bolivia, northern Chile, and extreme northwestern Argentina. It is found on the larger lakes and pools in the altiplano. They are sometimes kept in mixed collections but are protective of females and eggs during the breeding season.

 

In the wild they live in small groups of their own kind or with the closely related silver teal. Puna teal lay their eggs between April and June. Like swans and geese both parents rear the ducklings. They lay their eggs in long grass, not always close to the water. The eggs are a creamy pink colour of which there may be several. The relationship between the male and female may be long term.

 

This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is very large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern (IUCN, 2012).

 

Taxonomy

Usually placed in Anas like most dabbling ducks, it stands well apart from such species as the mallard and together with the shovelers and their relatives forms a "blue-winged" group that may warrant separation as genus Spatula (del Hoyo and Collar 2014).

 

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Above: adult drake Puna teal

 

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Above: adult pair Puna teal (drake in front, female in back)

 

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Above: adult drake Puna teal

 

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Above: adult Puna teal

 

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Above: adult drake Puna teal

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