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Captive Conservation Breeding

Captive breeding programmes in order to wildfowl conservation

Zoological institutions and other non-profit organizations put much effort in the conservation of the world's Anseriformes. This page is an overview of captive breeding (ex-situ) and reïntroduction programmes. Data have come from zoological institutions (e.g. ZIMS for population size) and non-profit organizations such as the International Wild Waterfowl Association (IWWA). 

Compiling this list is an ongoing process. Update: February 2020

 

Please note: explanation of abbreviations at the bottom of the page.

 

ENGLISH NAME

IUCN 2016

ZOO 2017 Project Reïntro-ductions ZIMS 2016 ZIMS 2020
Screamers (Anhimides)            
Screamers (Anhimidae)            
Horned screamer LC       0 11
Northern screamer NT       18 23
Crested screamer LC  AZA     348  362
 .......................................................................            
Ducks, geese and swans (Anserides)            
Magpie goose (Anseranatidae)            
Magpie goose LC       213 230
             
Whistling ducks (Dendrocygnidae)            
White-faced whistling duck LC    PAP Trinidad 500+  500+
Black-bellied whistling duck LC    PAP   500+  500+
Spotted whistling duck LC  AZA     123  220
West-Indian whistling duck VU  AZA     273  245
Fulvous whistling duck LC    PAP   500+  500+
Plumed (Eyton's) whistling duck LC       238  250
Wandering whistling duck LC       130  108
Lesser whistling duck LC       151  147
White-backed duck LC       50  57
             
Stiff-tailed ducks (Oxyurinae)            
Ruddy duck LC       500+  500+
Andean ruddy duck LC       0  0
Lake duck (Argentine ruddy duck) LC       86  65
Australian blue-billed duck NT       43  61
Maccoa duck NT       78  87
White-headed duck EN  

WWT

IWWA

Spain
Hungary
Italy
324  366
Masked duck LC   IWWA   0  0
Musk duck LC       3  2
Black-headed duck LC       40  45
Freckled duck LC       80  114
             
Geese and swans (Anserinae)            
Swan goose VU  AZA IWWA   423  500+
Greylag goose LC       397  500+
Bean goose LC       40  52
Pink-footed goose LC       41  42
Bar-headed goose LC       500+  500+
Greater white-fronted goose LC   IWWA   127  151
Lesser white-fronted goose VU     Sweden 264  317
Emperor goose NT       184  205
Snow goose (caerulescens + atlanticus) LC       267  260
Ross' goose LC       152  143
Canada goose (B. canadensis ssp.) LC       500+ 500+ 
Cackling goose (B. hutchinsii ssp.) LC   IWWA   108  228
Hawaiian goose (Nene) VU  AZA

WWT

IWWA

Hawaii 500+  500+
Brant goose (Brent goose) LC   IWWA   39  60
Barnacle goose LC       500+  500+
Red-breasted goose VU  AZA     500+  500+
Cape Barren (Cereopsis) goose LC       287  307
Coscoroba swan LC  AZA     224  258
Black-necked swan LC       396  390
Black swan LC       500+  500+
Mute swan LC       433  432
Trumpeter swan LC   IWWA

USA
Canada

153  161
Whooper swan LC       133  130
Tundra swan (columbianus + bewickii) LC       80  83
             
Spur-winged goose (Plectropterinae)            
Spur-winged goose LC       101  72
             
Shelducks and relatives (Tadorninae)            
African Comb duck LC       240  373
South American Comb duck LC       40  65
Blue-winged goose VU       71  78
Egyptian goose LC       500+  500+
Orinoco goose NT  AZA IWWA   139  140
Andean goose LC       52  62
Magellan (Upland) goose LC       140  126
Kelp goose LC       0  0
Ashy-headed goose LC       33  31
Ruddy-headed goose LC       61  48
Common shelduck LC       500+  500+
Radjah shelduck LC       259  219
Ruddy shelduck LC       500+  500+
Cape shelduck LC       111  103
Paradise shelduck LC       58  55
Australian shelduck LC       106  94
Pink-eared duck LC       8 16 
Torrent duck LC   IWWA   0  0
New-Zealand blue duck EN   IWWA Nw Zl 32  52
Flying steamer duck LC       19  11
Falkland steamer duck LC       0  0
Magellanic steamer duck LC       13  13
White-headed steamer duck VU       0  0
             
Ducks (Anatinae)            
White-winged wood duck EN

ESB

AZA

IWWA   394  376
Muscovy duck (incl. domesticated birds) LC   PAP   301  442
Hartlaub's duck LC       19  30
Maned goose (Australian wood duck) LC       163  257
North American wood duck LC       500+  500+
Mandarin duck LC       500+ 500+ 
African pygmy goose LC  AZA     90  113
Cotton (Indian) pygmy goose LC  AZA     29  48
Green pygmy goose LC       17  17
Brazilian duck LC       301  371
Salvadori's duck VU       0  0
Ringed teal LC       500+  500+
Crested duck LC       102  75
Bronze-winged duck (Spectacled duck) NT       59  32
Gadwall LC       184  160
Falcated duck NT       214 212
Chiloé wigeon LC       500+  490
European wigeon LC       346  323
American wigeon LC       97  124
Mallard duck (incl. domesticated birds) LC       500+  500+
American black duck LC       57  27
Mottled (Florida) duck LC       0  10
Hawaiian duck (Koloa) EN       41  42
Laysan teal (Laysan duck) CR   WWT

Laysan

Midway

Kure

301  281
Philippine duck VU       177  141
Indian spot-billed duck LC       322  161
Chinese spot-billed duck LC       61  53
Pacific black duck LC       322  77
Meller's duck EN EEP     187  188
Yellow-billed duck LC       219  208
African Black duck LC       79  90
Garganey LC       158  211
Puna teal LC       180  217
Versicolor (Silver) teal LC       107  111
Hottentot teal LC       240  283
Blue-winged teal LC       176  184
Cinnamon teal LC       271  256
Northern shoveler LC       334  276
Cape shoveler LC       19  11
Australian shoveler LC       104  116
Red shoveler LC       172  
Madagascar teal (Bernier's teal) EN  AZA     272  220
Cape teal LC       308  333
Andaman teal NT       0  0
East Indian grey teal (Sunda teal)  NT       14  25
Australian grey teal LC       67  76
Chestnut teal LC       230  267
New Zealand brown teal EN   IWWA   38  37
Auckland Island flightless teal VU       2  0
Campbell Island flighless teal EN       6  0
Northern pintail LC       500+  500+
Eaton's pintail VU       2  1
Yellow-billed pintail LC       124  150
Bahama (White-cheeked) pintail LC   PAP Trinidad 500+  500+
Red-billed pintail LC       134  109
Yellow-billed teal (Speckled teal) LC       235  230
Andean teal LC       0  0
Baikal teal LC       243  236
Common teal (crecca + carolinensis) LC       345  292
Marbled teal VU  AZA    Mallorca 500+  500+
Red-crested pochard LC       500+  500+
Rosy-billed pochard LC       489  500+
Southern pochard LC       114  104
Canvasback LC       160  160
Common pochard VU       418  423
Redhead LC       406  500+
Australian White-eye duck LC       66  89
Madagascar pochard CR   WWT  Madagascar 0  0
Ferruginous pochard NT       500+  500+
Baer's pochard CR

ESB

AZA

    269  349
New Zealand scaup LC       73  68
Ring-necked duck LC       74  85
Tufted duck LC       500+  500+
Greater scaup LC       165  150
Lesser scaup LC       63  77
Common eider (all subspecies) LC       500+  500+
Spectacled eider LC       42  53
King eider LC       12  25
Steller's eider VU       0  0
Harlequin duck LC       42  61
Common (black) scoter LC       27  28
American (black) scoter NT       1  1
Surf scoter LC       1  1
Velvet scoter VU       14  5
White-winged scoter LC       7  6
Siberian scoter LC       0  0
Long-tailed duck (Oldsquaw) VU       52  56
Bufflehead LC       271  259
Common goldeneye LC       449  377
Barrow's goldeneye LC       136  109
Smew LC       380  364
Hooded merganser LC       500+  500+
Brazilian merganser CR   IWWA   0  0
Red-breasted merganser LC       38  27
Scaly-sided (Chinese) merganser EN

ESB

AZA

    67  124
Common merganser (Goosander) LC       125  91

 

AZA = Association of Zoos and Aquaria
EAZA = European Endangered Species Programme

EEP = European Endangered Species Programme by the EAZA

ESB = European StudBook by the EAZA

IWWA = International Wild Waterfowl Association

PAP = Point-à-Pierre Wildfowl Trust, Trinidad

WWT = The Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust

ZIMS = Zoological Information Management Software, in these columns is shown the population size.

ZOO = Any breeding programme by zoological institutions, specified by the type of programme.

 

IUCN = International Union for Conservation of Nature. The IUCN is the global authority on the status of the natural world (IUCN Redlist) and the measures needed to safeguard it. 

LC = Least Concern

NT = Near Threatened

VU = Vulnerable

EN = Endangered

CR = Critically Endangered

 

IMG_7404.JPG

Above: white-headed duck (Oxyura leucocephala), an endangered species that zoos put effort in to breed it for conservation purpose.

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