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Gallinaceous birds or Gamefowl (Galliformes)

The Galliformes are a clade of bird species of cosmopolitan distribution that, with the Anseriformes, belong to the branch Galloanserae. The group have more than 270 living species and includes the megapodes, chachalacas, guans, curassows, turkeys, grouse, New World quails, pheasants, partridges and guineafowl. They are, with Neoaves, the two main lineages of Neognathae.


Megapodes (Megapodidae)

  1. MaleoMacrocephalon maleo
  2. Moluccan MegapodeEulipoa wallacei
  3. Tongan Megapode, Megapodius pritchardii
  4. Micronesian Megapode, Megapodius laperouse
  5. Nicobar Megapode, Megapodius nicobariensis
  6. Philippine Megapode, Megapodius cumingii
  7. Sula Megapode, Megapodius bernsteinii
  8. Tanimbar Megapode Megapodius tenimberensis
  9. Dusky Megapode, Megapodius freycinet
  10. Biak Scrubfowl Megapodius geelvinkianus
  11. Melanesian Megapode, Megapodius eremita
  12. Vanuatu Megapode, Megapodius layardi
  13. New Guinea Scrubfowl, Megapodius affinis
  14. Orange-footed Scrubfowl Megapodius reinwardt
  15. † Pile-builder Scrubfowl Megapodius molistructor
  16. MalleefowlLeipoa ocellata
  17. Australian Brushturkey, Alectura lathami
  18. Wattled Brushturkey, Aepypodius arfakianus
  19. Waigeo Brushturkey, Aepypodius bruijnii
  20. Red-billed Brushturkey, Talegalla cuvieri
  21. Black-billed Brushturkey, Talegalla fuscirostris
  22. Collared Brushturkey, Talegalla jobiensis

Cracids (Cracidae)

Guans (Penelopinae)

  1. Highland Guan, Penelopina nigra
  2. Black Guan, Chamaepetes unicolor
  3. Sickle-winged Guan, Chamaepetes goudotii
  4. White-winged Guan, Penelope albipennis
  5. Band-tailed Guan, Penelope argyrotis
  6. Bearded Guan, Penelope barbata
  7. Red-faced Guan, Penelope dabbenei
  8. Spix's Guan, Penelope jacquacu
  9. White-browed Guan, Penelope jacucaca
  10. Marail Guan, Penelope marail
  11. Andean Guan, Penelope montagnii
  12. Dusky-legged Guan, Penelope obscura
  13. Chestnut-bellied Guan, Penelope ochrogaster
  14. Baudo Guan, Penelope ortoni
  15. Cauca Guan, Penelope perspicax
  16. White-crested Guan, Penelope pileata
  17. Crested Guan, Penelope purpurascens
  18. Rusty-margined Guan, Penelope superciliaris
  19. Wattled Guan, Aburria aburri
  20. Black-fronted Piping Guan, Pipile jacutinga
  21. Red-throated Piping Guan, Pipile cujubi
  22. Trinidad Piping Guan, Pipile pipile
  23. Blue-throated Piping Guan, Pipile cumanensis
  24. Plain ChachalacaOrtalis vetula
  25. Grey-headed ChachalacaOrtalis cinereiceps
  26. Chestnut-winged ChachalacaOrtalis garrula
  27. Rufous-vented Chachalaca, Ortalis ruficauda
  28. Rufous-headed Chachalaca, Ortalis erythroptera
  29. Rufous-bellied Chachalaca, Ortalis wagleri
  30. West Mexican Chachalaca, Ortalis poliocephala
  31. Chaco Chachalaca, Ortalis canicollis
  32. White-bellied Chachalaca, Ortalis leucogastra
  33. Colombian Chachalaca, Ortalis columbiana
  34. Speckled Chachalaca, Ortalis guttata
  35. East Brazilian Chachalaca, Ortalis araucuan
  36. Scaled Chachalaca, Ortalis squamata
  37. Little Chachalaca, Ortalis motmot
  38. Buff-browed Chachalaca, Ortalis superciliaris
Above: Rusty-margined guan, Penelope superciliaris (photo by Jan Harteman)

Horned guan (Oreophasinae)

  1. Horned guan, Oreophasis derbianus

Curassows (Cracinae)

  1. Nocturnal Curassow, Nothocrax urumutum
  2. Great Curassow, Crax rubra
  3. Blue-billed Curassow, Crax alberti
  4. Yellow-knobbed Curassow, Crax daubentoni
  5. Wattled Curassow, Crax globulosa
  6. Red-billed Curassow Crax blumenbachii
  7. Bare-faced Curassow, Crax fasciolata
  8. Black Curassow, Crax alector
  9. Crestless Curassow, Mitu tomentosum
  10. Salvin's Curassow, Mitu salvini
  11. Razor-billed Curassow, Mitu tuberosum
  12. Alagoas Curassow, Mitu mitu (extinct in the wild)
  13. Helmeted Curassow or Northern Helmeted Curassow, Pauxi pauxi
  14. Horned CurassowPauxi unicornis
  15. Sira CurassowPauxi koepckeae

Guineafowl (Numididae)

  1. White-breasted Guineafowl, Agelastes meleagrides
  2. Black Guineafowl, Agelastes niger
  3. Helmeted Guineafowl, Numida meleagris
  4. Plumed Guineafowl, Guttera plumifera
  5. Crested Guineafowl, Guttera pucherani
  6. Vulturine Guineafowl, Acryllium vulturinum
Above: Crested guineafowl, Guttera pucherani edouardi (photo by Jan Harteman)

New World Quail (Odontophoridae)

  1. Bearded Wood Partridge, Dendrortyx barbatus
  2. Long-tailed Wood Partridge, Dendrortyx macroura
  3. Buffy-crowned Wood Partridge, Dendrortyx leucophrys
  4. Mountain Quail, Oreortyx pictus
  5. Scaled Quail, (commonly called Blue Quail) Callipepla squamata
  6. Elegant Quail, Callipepla douglasii
  7. California Quail, Callipepla californica
  8. Gambel's Quail, Callipepla gambelii
  9. Banded Quail, Philortyx fasciatus
  10. Northern Bobwhite, Colinus virginianus
  11. Black-throated Bobwhite, Colinus nigrogularis
  12. Spot-bellied Bobwhite, Colinus leucopogon
  13. Crested Bobwhite, Colinus cristatus
  14. Marbled Wood Quail, Odontophorus gujanensis
  15. Spot-winged Wood Quail, Odontophorus capueira
  16. Black-eared Wood Quail, Odontophorus melanotis
  17. Rufous-fronted Wood Quail, Odontophorus erythrops
  18. Black-fronted Wood Quail, Odontophorus atrifrons
  19. Chestnut Wood Quail, Odontophorus hyperythrus
  20. Dark-backed Wood Quail, Odontophorus melanonotus
  21. Rufous-breasted Wood Quail, Odontophorus speciosus
  22. Tacarcuna Wood Quail, Odontophorus dialeucos
  23. Gorgeted Wood Quail, Odontophorus strophium
  24. Venezuelan Wood Quail, Odontophorus columbianus
  25. Black-breasted Wood Quail, Odontophorus leucolaemus
  26. Stripe-faced Wood Quail, Odontophorus balliviani
  27. Starred Wood Quail, Odontophorus stellatus
  28. Spotted Wood Quail, Odontophorus guttatus
  29. Singing Quail, Dactylortyx thoracicus
  30. Montezuma Quail, Cyrtonyx montezumae
  31. Ocellated Quail, Cyrtonyx ocellatus
  32. Tawny-faced Quail, Rhynchortyx cinctus

Pheasants and relatives (Phasianidae)

  1. Blood Pheasant, (Ithaginis cruentus)
  2. Western Tragopan, (Tragopan melanocephalus)
  3. Satyr Tragopan, (Tragopan satyra)
  4. Blyth's Tragopan, (Tragopan blythii)
  5. Temminck's Tragopan, (Tragopan temminckii)
  6. Cabot's Tragopan, (Tragopan caboti)
  7. Koklass Pheasant, (Pucrasia macrolopha)
  8. Red Junglefowl, Gallus gallus
  9. Grey Junglefowl, Gallus sonneratii
  10. Sri Lanka Junglefowl, Gallus lafayetii
  11. Green Junglefowl, Gallus varius
  12. Kalij Pheasant, (L. leucomelanos)Silver Pheasant, (L. nycthemera)
  13. Imperial Pheasant, (Lophura imperialis)
  14. Edward's Pheasant, (Lophura edwardsi)
  15. Vietnamese Pheasant, (Lophura hatinhensis)
  16. Swinhoe's Pheasant, (Lophura swinhoii)
  17. Hoogerwerf's Pheasant, (Lophura hoogerwerfi)
  18. Salvadori's Pheasant, (Lophura inornata)
  19. Crestless Fireback, (Lophura erythrophthalma)
  20. Crested Fireback, Lophura ignita
  21. Siamese Fireback, (Lophura diardi)
  22. Bulwer's Pheasant, (Lophura bulweri)
  23. White-eared Pheasant, (Crossoptilon crossoptilon)
  24. Tibetan Eared Pheasant, (Crossoptilon harmani)
  25. Brown Eared Pheasant, (Crossoptilon mantchuricum)
  26. Blue Eared Pheasant, (Crossoptilon auritum)
  27. Cheer Pheasant, (Catreus wallichi)
  28. Reeve's Pheasant, (Syrmaticus reevesi)
  29. Elliot's Pheasant, (Syrmaticus ellioti)
  30. Mrs. Hume's Pheasant, (Syrmaticus humiae)
  31. Mikado Pheasant, (Syrmaticus mikado)
  32. Copper Pheasant, (Syrmaticus soemmerringi)
  33. Green Pheasant (Phasianus versicolor)
  34. Common Pheasant, (Phasianus colchicus)
  35. Golden Pheasant, (Chrysolophus pictus)
  36. Lady Amherst's Pheasant, (Chrysolophus amherstiae)
  37. Bronze-tailed Peacock-Pheasant, (Polyplectron chalcurum)
  38. Mountain Peacock-Pheasant, (Polyplectron inopinatum)
  39. Germain's Peacock-Pheasant, (Polyplectron germaini)
  40. Grey Peacock-Pheasant, (Polyplectron bicalcaratum)
  41. Hainan Peacock-Pheasant, (Polyplectron katsumatae)
  42. Malayan Peacock-Pheasant, (Polyplectron malacense)
  43. Bornean Peacock-Pheasant, (Polyplectron schleiermacheri)
  44. Palawan Peacock-Pheasant, (Polyplectron emphanum)
  45. Himalayan Monal, (Lophophorus impejanus)
  46. Sclater's Monal, (Lophophorus sclateri)
  47. Chinese Monal, (Lophophorus lhuysii)
  48. Crested Argus, (Rheinartia ocellata)
  49. Great Argus, (Argusianus argus)
  50. Double-banded Argus, (Argusianus bipunctatus)
  51. Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus)
  52. Green Peafowl, (Pavo muticus)
  53. Congo Peacock, (Afropavo congensis)
  54. Common Quail, Coturnix coturnix
  55. Japanese Quail, Coturnix japonica
  56. Stubble Quail, Coturnix pectoralis
  57. †New Zealand Quail, Coturnix novaezelandiae
  58. Rain Quail, Coturnix coromandelica
  59. Harlequin Quail, Coturnix delegorguei
  60. †Canary Islands Quail, Coturnix gomerae (fossil)
  61. Brown Quail, Coturnix ypsilophora
  62. Blue Quail, Coturnix adansonii
  63. King Quail, Coturnix chinensis
  64. Snow Mountains Quail, Anurophasis monorthonyx
  65. Jungle Bush Quail, Perdicula asiatica
  66. Rock Bush Quail, Perdicula argoondah
  67. Painted Bush Quail, Perdicula erythrorhyncha
  68. Manipur Bush Quail, Perdicula manipurensis
  69. Himalayan Quail, Ophrysia superciliosa (critically endangered/extinct)
Above: Elliot's pheasant, Syrmaticus ellioti (photo by Jan Harteman)

Turkey (Meleagridinae)

  1. Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo
  2. Ocellated Turkey, Meleagris ocellata

Partridges & Francolin (Perdicinae)

  1. Stone Partridge, Ptilopachus petrosus
  2. Nahan's Partridge, Ptilopachus nahani
  3. Black Francolin, Francolinus francolinus
  4. Painted Francolin, Francolinus pictus
  5. Chinese Francolin, Francolinus pintadeanus
  6. Grey Francolin, Francolinus pondicerianus
  7. Swamp Francolin, Francolinus gularis
  8. Coqui Francolin, Peliperdix coqui
  9. White-throated Francolin, Peliperdix albogularis
  10. Schlegel's Francolin, Peliperdix schlegelii
  11. Latham's Francolin, Peliperdix lathami
  12. Crested Francolin, Dendroperdix sephaena
  13. Ring-necked Francolin, Scleroptila streptophorus
  14. Finsch's Francolin, Scleroptila finschi
  15. Red-winged Francolin, Scleroptila levaillantii
  16. Grey-winged Francolin, Scleroptila africanus
  17. Moorland Francolin, Scleroptila psilolaemus
  18. Shelley's Francolin, Scleroptila shelleyi
  19. Orange River Francolin, Scleroptila levaillantoides
  20. Scaly Francolin, Pternistis squamatus
  21. Ahanta Francolin, Pternistis ahantensis
  22. Grey-striped Francolin, Pternistis griseostriatus
  23. Hartlaub's Francolin, Pternistis hartlaubi
  24. Double-spurred Francolin, Pternistis bicalcaratus
  25. Heuglin's Francolin, Pternistis icterorhynchus
  26. Clapperton's Francolin, Pternistis clappertoni
  27. Harwood's Francolin, Pternistis harwoodi
  28. Hildebrandt's Francolin, Pternistis hildebrandti
  29. Jackson's Francolin, Pternistis jacksoni
  30. Handsome Francolin, Pternistis nobilis
  31. Mount Cameroon Francolin, Pternistis camerunensis
  32. Swierstra's Francolin, Pternistis swierstrai
  33. Chestnut-naped Francolin, Pternistis castaneicollis
  34. Erckel's Francolin, Pternistis erckelii
  35. Djibouti Francolin, Pternistis ochropectus
  36. Red-billed Spurfowl, Pternistis adspersus
  37. Cape Spurfowl, Pternistis capensis
  38. Natal Spurfowl, Pternistis natalensis
  39. Yellow-necked Spurfowl, Pternistis leucoscepus
  40. Grey-breasted Spurfowl, Pternistis rufopictus
  41. Red-necked Spurfowl, Pternistis afer
  42. Swainson's Spurfowl, Pternistis swainsonii
  43. Snow Partridge, Lerwa lerwa
  44. Verreaux's Monal-Partridge, Tetraophasis obscurus
  45. Szechenyi's Monal-Partridge, Tetraophasis szechenyii
  46. Arabian Partridge, Alectoris melanocephala
  47. Przevalski's Partridge, Alectoris magna
  48. Rock Partridge, Alectoris graeca
  49. Chukar, Alectoris chukar
  50. Philby's Partridge, Alectoris philbyi
  51. Barbary Partridge, Alectoris barbara
  52. Red-legged Partridge, Alectoris rufa
  53. See-see Partridge, Ammoperdix griseogularis
  54. Sand Partridge, Ammoperdix heyi
  55. Grey Partridge, Perdix perdix
  56. Daurian Partridge, Perdix dauurica
  57. Tibetan Partridge, Perdix hodgsoniae
  58. Long-billed Partridge, Rhizothera longirostris
  59. Madagascar Partridge, Margaroperdix madagascarensis
  60. Black Wood-partridge, Melanoperdix nigra
  61. Rubeho Forest Partridge, Xenoperdix obscuratus
  62. Udzungwa Forest Partridge, Xenoperdix udzungwensis
  63. Hill Partridge, Arborophila torqueola
  64. Sichuan Partridge, Arborophila rufipectus
  65. Chestnut-breasted Partridge, Arborophila mandellii
  66. White-necklaced Partridge, Arborophila gingica
  67. Rufous-throated Partridge, Arborophila rufogularis
  68. White-cheeked Partridge, Arborophila atrogularis
  69. Taiwan Partridge, Arborophila crudigularis
  70. Hainan Partridge, Arborophila ardens
  71. Chestnut-bellied Partridge, Arborophila javanica
  72. Grey-breasted Partridge, Arborophila orientalis
  73. Bar-backed Partridge, Arborophila brunneopectus
  74. Orange-necked Partridge, Arborophila davidi
  75. Chestnut-headed Partridge, Arborophila cambodiana
  76. Red-breasted Partridge, Arborophila hyperythra
  77. Red-billed Partridge, Arborophila rubrirostris
  78. Scaly-breasted Partridge, Arborophila chloropus
  79. Chestnut-necklaced Partridge, Arborophila charltonii
  80. Sumatran Partridge, Arborophila sumatrana
  81. Vietnam Partridge, Arborophila merlini
  82. Ferruginous Partridge, Caloperdix oculea
  83. Crimson-headed Partridge, Haematortyx sanguiniceps
  84. Crested Partridge, Rollulus roulroul
  85. Mountain Bamboo Partridge, Bambusicola fytchii
  86. Chinese Bamboo Partridge, Bambusicola thoracica

Grouse (Tetraoninae)

  1. Siberian Grouse, Falcipennis falcipennis
  2. Spruce Grouse, Falcipennis canadensis
  3. Dusky Grouse, Dendragapus obscurus
  4. Sooty Grouse, Dendragapus fuliginosus
  5. Willow Ptarmigan, Lagopus lagopus
  6. Rock Ptarmigan, Lagopus muta
  7. White-tailed Ptarmigan, Lagopus leucura
  8. Black Grouse, Tetrao tetrix
  9. Caucasian Grouse, Tetrao mlokosiewiczi
  10. Western Capercaillie, Tetrao urogallus
  11. Black-billed Capercaillie, Tetrao parvirostris
  12. Hazel Grouse, Tetrastes bonasia
  13. Chinese Grouse, Tetrastes sewerzowi
  14. Ruffed GrouseBonasa umbellus
  15. Sage GrouseCentrocercus urophasianus
  16. Gunnison GrouseCentrocercus minimus
  17. Sharp-tailed GrouseTympanuchus phasianellus
  18. Greater Prairie ChickenTympanuchus cupido
  19. Lesser Prairie Chicken Tympanuchus pallidicinctus
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